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The naval treaty

 Arthur Conan Doyle

  The July which immediately succeeded my marriage was made memorable by three
cases of interest in which I had the privilege of being associated with Sherlock
Holmes, and of studying his methods. I find them recorded in my notes under the
headings of 'the adventure of the Second stain', 'the adventure of the naval treaty',
and 'the adventure of the tired captain'. The first of these, however, deals with
interests of such importance, and implicates so many of the first families in the
kingdom, that for many years it will be impossible to make it public. No case,
however, in which Holmes was ever engaged has illustrated the value of his analytical
methods so clearly or has impressed those who were associated with him so deeply. I
still retain an almost verbatim report of the interview in which he demonstrated the
true facts of the case to Monsieur Dubuque, of the Paris police, and fritz von
Waldbaum, the well-known specialist of Dantzig, both of whom had wasted their
energies upon what proved to be side-issues. The new century will have come,
however, before the story can be safely told. Meanwhile, I pass on to the second upon
my list, which promised also, at one time, to be of national importance, and was
marked by several incidents which give it a quite unique character.
During my school-days I had been intimately associated with a lad named Percy
Phelps, who was of much the same age as myself, though he was two classes ahead of
me. He was a very brilliant boy, and carried away every prize which the school had to
offer, finishing his exploits by winning a scholarship, which sent him on to continue
his triumphant career at Cambridge. He was, I remember, extremely well connected
and ever when we were all little boys together, we knew that his mother's brother was
Lord Holdhurst, the great Conservative politician. This gaudy relationship did him
little good at school; on the contrary, it seemed rather a piquant thing to us to chevy
him about the playground and hit him over the shins with a wicket. But it was another
thing when he came out into the world. I heard vaguely that his abilities and the
influence which he commanded had won him a good position at the Foreign Office,
and then he passed completely out of my mind until the following letter recalled his

                                                  'BRIARBRAE, WOKING
  'MY DEAR WATSON, ----- I have no doubt that you can remember "tadpole" Phelps,
who was in the fifth form when you were in the third. It is possible even that you may
have heard that, through my uncle's influence, I obtained a good appointment at the
Foreign Office, and that I was in situation of trust and honour until a horrible
misfortune came suddenly to blast my career.
  'There is no use writing the details of that dreadful event. In the event of your
acceding to my request, it is probable that I shall have narrated them to you. I have
only just recovered from nine weeks of brain fever, and am still exceedingly weak. Do
you think that you could bring your friend, Mr. Holmes, down to see me? I should like
to have his opinion of the case, though the authorities assure me that nothing more can
be dong. Do try to bring him down, and as soon as possible. Every minute seems an
hour while I live in this horrible suspense. Assure him that, if I have not asked his
advice sooner, it was not because I did not appreciate his talents, but because I have
been off my head ver since the blow fell. Now I am clear again, though I dare not
think of it too much for fear of a relapse. I am still so weak that I have to write, as you
see, by dictating. Do try and bring him.
'Your old schoolfellow,
  There was something that touched me as I read this letter, something pitiable in the
reiterated appeals to bring Holmes. So moved was I that, even if it had been a difficult
matter, I should have tried it; but, of course, I knew well that Holmes loved his art so,
that he was ever as ready to bring his aid as his client could be to receive it. My wife
agreed with me that not a moment should be lost in laying the matter before him, and
so, within an hour of breakfast-time, I found myself back once more in the old rooms
in Baker Street.
  Holmes was seated at his side-table clad in his dressing-gown and working hard
over a chemical investigation. A large curved retort was boiling furiously in the bluish
flame of a Bunsen burner, and the distilled drops were condensing into a two-litre
measure. My friend hardly glanced up as I entered, and I, seeing that his investigation
must be of importance, seated myself in an arm-chair and waited. He dipped into this
bottle or that, drawing out a few drops of each with his glass pipette, and finally
brought a test-tube containing a solution over to the table. In his right hand he had a
slip of litmus-paper.
  'You come at a crisis, Watson,' said he. 'If this paper remains blue, all is well. If it
turns red, it means a man's life.' He dipped it into the test-tube, and it flushed at once
into a dull, dirty crimson. 'Hum! I thought as much!' he cried. 'I shall be at your
service in one instant, Watson. You will find tobacco in the Persian slipper.' He turned
to his desk and scribbled off several telegrams, which were handed over to the
page-boy. Then he threw himself down in the chair opposite, and drew up his knees
until his fingers clasped round his long, thin shins.
  'A very commonplace little murder,' said he. 'You've got something better, I fancy.
You are the stormy petrel of crime, Watson. What is it?'
  I handed him the letter, which he read with the most concentrated attention.
  'It does not tell us very much, does it?' he remarked, as he handed it back to me.
  'Hardly anything.'
  'And yet the writing is not his own.'
  'Precisely. It is a woman's.'
  'A man's surely!' I cried.
  'No, a woman's; and a woman of rare character. You see, at the commencement of
an investigation, it is something to know that your client is in close contact with
someone who for good or evil has an exceptional nature. My interest is already
awakened in the case. If you are ready, we will start at once for Woking and see this
diplomatist who is in such evil case, and the lady to whom he dictates his letters.'
  We were fortunate enough to catch an early train at Waterloo, and in a little under
an hour we found ourselves among the fir-woods and the heather of Woking.
Briarbrae proved to be a large detached house standing in extensive grounds, within a
few minutes' walk of the station. On sending in our cards we were shown into an
elegantly appointed drawing-room, where we were joined in a few minutes by a rather
stout man, who received us with much hospitality. His age may have been nearer forty
than thirty, but his cheeks were so ruddy and his eyes so merry, that he still conveyed
the impression of a plump and mischievous boy.
  'I am so glad that you have come' said he, shaking our hands with effusion. 'Percy
has been inquiring for you all the morning. Ah, poor old chap, he clings to any straw.
His father and mother asked me to see you, for the mere mention of the subject is very
painful to them.'
  'We have had no details yet,' observed Holmes. 'I perceive that you are not
yourself a member of the family.'
  Our acquaintance looked surprised, and then glancing down he began to laugh.
  'Of course you saw the "J. H." Monogram on my locket,' said he. 'For a moment I
thought you had done something clever. Joseph Harrison is my name, and as Percy is
to marry my sister Annie, I shall at least be a relation by marriage. You will find my
sister in his room, for she has nursed him hand-and-foot these two months back.
Perhaps we had better go in at once, for I know how impatient he is.'
  The chamber into which we were shown was on the same floor as the
drawing-room. It was furnished partly as a sitting- and partly as a bedroom, with
flowers arranged daintily in every nook and corner. A young man, very pale and worn,
was lying upon a sofa near the open window, through which came the rich scent of the
garden and the balmy summer air. A woman was sitting beside him, and rose as we
  'Shall I leave, Percy?' she asked.
  He clutched her hand to detain her. 'How are you, Watson?' said he, cordially. 'I
should never have known you under that moustache, and I dare say you would not be
prepared to swear to me. This, I presume, is your celebrated friend, Mr. Sherlock
  I introduced him in a few words, and we both sat down. The stout young man had
left us, but his sister still remained, with her hand in that of the invalid. She was a
striking-looking woman, a little short and thick for symmetry, but with a beautiful
olive complexion, large, dark Italian eyes, and a wealth of deep black hair. Her rich
tints made the white face of her companion the more worn and haggard by the
  'I won't waste your time,' said he, raising himself upon the sofa. 'I'll plunge into
the matter without further preamble. I was a happy and successful man, Mr. Holmes,
and on the eve of being married, when a sudden and dreadful misfortune wrecked all
my prospects in life.
  'I was, as Watson may have told you, in the Foreign Office, and through the
influence of my uncle, Lord Holdhurst, I rose rapidly to a responsible position. When
my uncle became Foreign Minister in this Administration he gave me several
missions of trust, and as I always brought them to a successful conclusion, he came at
last to have the utmost confidence in my ability and tact.
  'Nearly ten weeks ago- to be more accurate, on the 23rd of May –he called me into
his private room and, after complimenting me upon the good work which I had done,
informed me that he had a new commission of trust for me to execute.
  ' "This," said he, taking a grey roll of paper from his bureau, "is the original of that
secret treaty between England and Italy, of which, I regret to say, some rumours have
already got into the public Press. It is of enormous importance that nothing further
should leak out. The French or Russian Embassies would pay an immense sum learn
the contents of these papers. They should not leave my bureau were it not that it is
absolutely necessary to have them copied. You have a desk in your office?"
  ' "Yes, sir."
  ' "Then take the treaty and lock it up there. I shall give directions that you may
remain behind when the others go, so that you may copy it at your leisure, without
fear of being overlooked. When you have finished, re-lock both the original and the
draft in the desk, and hand them over to personally to-morrow morning."
  'I took the papers and—'
  'Excuse me an instant,' said Holmes; 'were you alone during this conversation?'
  'In a large room?'
  'Thirty feet each way.'
  'In the centre?'
  'Yes, about it.'
  'And speaking low?'
  'My uncle's voice is always remarkably low. I hardly spoke at all.'
  'Thank you,' said Holmes, shutting his eyes; 'pray go on.'
  'I did exactly what he had indicated, and waited until the other clerks had departed.
One of them in my room, Charles Gorot, had some arrears of work to make up, so I
left him there and went out to dine. When I returned he was gone. I was anxious to
hurry my work, for I knew that Joseph, the Mr. Harrison whom you saw just now, was
in town, and that he would travel down to Woking by the eleven o'clock train, and I
wanted if possible to catch it.
  'When I came to examine the treaty I saw at once that it was of such importance
that my uncle had been guilty of no exaggeration in what he had said. Without going
into details, I may say that it defined the position of Great Britain towards the Triple
Alliance, and foreshadowed the policy which this country would pursue in the event
of the French fleet gaining a complete ascendency over that of Italy in the
Mediterranean. The questions treated in it were purely naval. At the end were the
signatures of the high dignitaries who had signed it. I glanced my eyes over it, and
then settled down to my task of copying.
  'It was a long document, written in the French language, and containing twenty-six
separate articles. I copied as quickly as I could, but at nine o'clock I had only done
nine articles, and it seemed hopeless for me to attempt to catch my train. I was felling
drowsy and stupid, partly from my dinner and also from the effects of along day's
work. A cup of coffee would clear my brain. A commissionaire remains all night in a
little lodge at the foot of the stairs, and is in the habit of making coffee at his
spirit-lamp for any of the officials who may be working overtime. I rang the bell,
therefore, to summon him.
  'To my surprise, it was a woman who answered the summons, a large, coarse-faced,
elderly woman, in an apron. She explained that she was the commissionaire's wife,
who did the charing, and I gave her the order for the coffee.
  'I wrote two more articles, and then, feeling more drowsy than ever, I rose and
walked up and down the room to stretch my legs. My coffee had not yet come, and I
wondered what the cause of the delay could be. Opening the door, I started down the
corridor to find out. There was a straight passage dimly lit which led from the room in
which I had been working, and was the only exit from it. It ended in curving staircase,
with the commissionaire's lodge in the passage at the bottom. Half-way down this
staircase is a small landing, with another passage running into it at right angles. The
second one leads, by means of a second small stair, to a side-door used by servants,
and also as a short cut by clerks when coming from Charles Street.
  'Here is a rough chart of the place.'
  'Thank you. I think that I quite follow you,' said Sherlock Holmes.
  'It is of the utmost importance that you should notice this point. I went down the
stairs and into the hall, where I found the commissionaire fast asleep in his box, with
the kettle boiling furiously upon the spirit-lamp, for the water was spurting over the
floor. I had put out my hand and was about to shake the man, who was still sleeping
soundly, when a bell over his head rang loudly, and he woke with a start.
  ' "Mr. Phelps, sir!" said he, looking at me in bewilderment.
  ' "I came down to see if my coffee was ready."
  ' "I was boiling the kettle when I fell asleep, sir." He looked at me and then up at
the still quivering bell, with an ever-growing astonishment upon his face.
  ' "If you was here, sir, then who rang the bell?" he asked.
  ' "The bell!" I said. "What bell is it?"
  ' "It's the bell of the room you were working in."
  'A cold hand seemed to close round my heart. Someone, then, was in that room
where my precious treaty lay upon the table. I ran frantically up the stairs and along
the passage. There was no one in the corridor, Mr. Holmes. There was no one in the
room. All was exactly as I left it, save only that the papers committed to my care had
been taken from the desk on which they lay. The copy was there and the original was
  Holmes sat up in his chair and rubbed his hands. I could see that the problem was
entirely to his heart. 'Pray, what did you do then?' he murmured.
  'I recognized in an instant that the thief must have come up the stairs from the
side-door. Of course I must have met him if he had come the other way.'
  'You were satisfied that he could not have been concealed in the room all the time,
or in the corridor which you have just described as dimly lighted?'
  'It is absolutely impossible. A rat could not conceal himself either in the room or
the corridor. There is no cover at all.'
  'Thank you. Pray proceed.'
  'The commissionaire, seeing by may pale face that something was to be feared, had
followed me upstairs. Now we both rushed along the corridor and down the steep
steps which led to Charles Street. The door at bottom was closed but unlocked. We
flung it open and rushed out. I can distinctly remember that as we did so there came
three chimes from a neighbouring church. It was a quarter to ten.'
  'That is of enormous importance,' said Holmes, making a note upon his shirt cuff.
  'The night was very dark, and a thin, warm rain was falling. There was no one in
Charles Street, but a great traffic was going on, as usual, in Whitehall, at the extremity.
We rushed along the pavement, bareheaded as we were, and at the far corner we found
a policeman standing.
  ' "A robbery has been committed," I gasped. "A document of immense value has
been stolen from the Foreign Office. Has anyone passed this way?'
  ' "I have been standing here for a quarter of an hour, sir," said he; "only one person
has passed during that time—a woman, tall and elderly, with a Paisley Shawl."
  ' "Ah, that is only my wife," cried the commissionaire. "Has no one else passed?"
  ' "No one."
  ' "Then it must be the other way that the thief took," cried the fellow, tugging at my
  'But I was not satisfied, and the attempts which he made to draw me away
increased my suspicions.
  ' "Which way did the woman go?" I cried.
  ' "I don't know, sir. I noticed her pass, but I had no special reason for watching her.
She seemed to be in a hurry."
  ' "How long ago was it?"
  ' " Oh, not very many minutes."
  ' "Within the last five?"
  ' "Well, it could not be more than five."
  ' "You're only wasting your time, sir, and every minute now is of importance,"
cried the commissionaire. "Take my word for it that my old woman has nothing to do
with it, and come down to the other end of the street. Well, if you won't, I will," and
with that he rushed off in the other direction.
  'But I was after him in an instant and caught him by the sleeve.
  ' "Where do you live?" said I.
  ' "No. 16 Ivy Lane, Brixton," he answered; "but don't let yourself be drawn away
upon a false scent, Mr. Phelps. Come to the other end of the street, and let us see if we
can hear of anything."
  'Nothing was to be lost by following his advice. With the policeman we both
hurried down, but only to find the street full of traffic, many people coming and going,
but all only too eager to get to a place of safety upon so wet a night. There was no
lounger who could tell us who had passed.
  'Then we returned to the office, and searched the stairs and the passage without
result. The corridor which led to the room was laid down with a kind of creamy
linoleum, which shows an impression very easily. We examined it very carefully, but
found no outline of any footmark.'
  'Had it been raining all the evening?'
  'Since about seven.'
  'How is it, then, that the woman who came into the room about nine left no traces
with her muddy boots?'
  'I am glad you raise the point. It occurred to me at the time. The charwomen are in
the habit of taking off their boots at the commissionaire's office, and putting on list
  'That is very clear. There were no marks, then, though the night was a wet one?
The chain of events is certainly one of extraordinary interest. What did you do next?'
  'We examined the room also. There was no possibility of a secret door, and the
windows are quite thirty feet from the ground. Both of them were fastened on the
inside. The carpet prevents any possibility of a trap-door, and the ceiling is of the
ordinary white-washed kind. I will pledge my life that whoever stole my papers could
only have come through the door.'
  'How about the fireplace?'
  'They use none. There is a stove. The bell-rope hangs from the wire just to the right
of my desk. Whoever rang it must have come right up to the desk to do it. But why
should any criminal wish to ring the bell? It is a most insoluble mystery.'
  Certainly the incident was unusual. What were your next steps? You examined the
room, I presume, to see if the intruder had left any traces—any cigar-end, or dropped
glove, or hairpin, or other trifle?'
  'There was of nothing of the sort.'
  'No smell?'
  'Well, we never thought of that.'
  'Ah, a scent of tobacco would have been worth a great deal to us in such an
  'I never smoke myself, so I think I should have observed it if there had been any
smell of tobacco. There was absolutely no clue of any kind. The only tangible fact
was that the commissionaire's wife—Mrs. Tangey was the name—had hurried out of
the place. He could give no explanation save that it was about the time when the
woman always went home. The policeman and I agreed that our best plan would be to
seize the woman before she could get rid of the papers, presuming that she had them.
  'The alarm had reached Scotland Yard by this time, and Mr. Forbes, the detective,
came round at once and took up the case with a great deal of energy. We hired a
hansom, and in half an hour we were at the address which had been given to us. A
young woman opened the door, who proved to be Mrs. Tangey's eldest daughter. Her
mother had to come back yet, and we were shown into the front room to wait.
  'About ten minutes later a knock came at the door, and here we made the one
serious mistake for which we allowed the girl to do so. We heard her say, "Mother,
there are two men in the house waiting to see you," and an instant afterwards we
heard the patter of feet rushing down the passage. Forbes flung open the door, and we
both ran into the back room or kitchen, but the woman had got there before us. She
stared at us with defiant eyes, and then suddenly recognizing me, an expression of
absolute astonishment came over her face.
  ' "Why, if it isn't Mr. Phelps, of the office!" she cried.
  Come, come, who did you think we were when you ran away from us?" asked my
  I thought you were the brokers," said she. "We've had some trouble with a
  That's not quite good enough," answered Forbes. "We have reason to believe that
you have taken a paper of importance from the Foreign Office, and that you ran in her
to dispose of it. You must come back with us to Scotland Yard to be searched."
  'It was in vain that she protested and resisted. A four-wheeler was brought, and we
all three drove back in it. We had first made an examination of the kitchen, and
especially of the kitchen fire, to see whether she might have made away with the
papers during the instant that she was alone. There were no signs. However, of any
ashes or scraps. When we reached Scotland Yard she was handed over at once to the
female searcher. I waited in an agony of suspense until she came back with her report.
There were no signs of the papers.
  'Then, for the first time, the horror of my situation came in its full force upon me.
Hitherto I had been so confident of regaining the treaty at once that I had not dared to
think of what would be the consequence if I failed to do so. But now there was
nothing more to be done, and I had leisure to realize my position. It was horrible!
Watson there would tell you that I was a nervous, sensitive boy at school. It is my
nature. I thought of my uncle and of his colleagues in the Cabinet, of the shame which
I had brought upon him, upon myself, upon everyone connected with me. What
thought I was the victim of an extraordinary accident? No allowance is made for
accidents where diplomatic interests are at stake. I was ruined; shamefully, hopelessly
ruined. I don't know what I did. I fancy I must have made a scene. I have a dim
recollection of a group of officials who crowded round me endeavouring to soothe me.
One of them drove down with me to Waterloo and saw me into the Woking train. I
believe that he would have come all the way had it not been that Dr. Ferrier, who lives
near me, was going down by that very train. The doctor most kindly took charge of
me, and it was well he did so, for I had a fit in the station, and before we reached
home I was practically a raving maniac.
  'You can imagine the state of things here when they were roused from their beds by
the doctor's ringing, and found me in this condition. Poor Annie here and my mother
were broken-hearted. Dr. Ferrier had just heard enough from the detective at the
station to be able to give an idea of what had happened, and his story did not mend
matters. It was evident to all that I was in for a long illness, so Joseph was bundled out
of this cheery bedroom, and it was turned into a sickroom for me. Here I have lain, Mr.
Holmes, for over nine weeks, unconscious, and raving with brain fever. If it had not
been for Miss Harrison here and for the doctor's care I should not be speaking to you
now. she has nursed me by day, and a hired nurse has looked after me by night, for in
my mad fits I was capable of anything. Slowly my reason has cleared, but it is only
during the last three days that my memory has quite returned. Sometimes I wish that it
never had. The first thing I did was to wire to Mr. Forbes, who had the case in hand.
He came out and assured me that, though everything has been done, no trace of a clue
has been discovered. The commissionaire and his wife have been examined in every
way without any light being thrown upon the matter. The suspicions of the police then
rested upon young Gorot, who, as you may remember, stayed overtime in the office
that night. His remaining behind and his French name were really the only two points
which could suggest suspicion; but as a matter of fact, I did not begin work until he
had gone, and his people are of Huguenot extraction, but as English in sympathy and
tradition as you and I are. Nothing was found to implicate him in any way, and there
the matter dropped. I turn to you, Mr. Holmes, as absolutely my last hope. If you fail
me, then my honour as well as my position are for ever forfeited.'
  The invalid sank back upon his cushions, tired out by this long recital, while his
nurse poured him out a glass of some stimulating medicine. Holmes sat silently with
his head thrown back and his eyes closed in an attitude which might seem listless to a
stranger, but which I knew betokened the most intense absorption.
  'Your statement has been so explicit,' said he at last, 'that you have really left me
very few questions to ask. There is one of the very utmost importance, however. Did
you tell anyone that you had this special task to perform?'
  'No one.'
  'Not Miss Harrison here, for example?'
  'No. I had not been back to Woking between getting the order and executing the
  'And none of your people had by chance been to see you?'
  'Did any of them know their way about in the office?'
  'Oh, yes; all of them had been shown over it.'
  'Still, of course, if you said nothing to anyone about the treaty, these inquiries are
  'I said nothing.'
  'Do you know anything that he is an old soldier.'
  'What regiment?'
  'Oh, I have heard—Coldstream Guards.'
  'Thank you. I have no doubt I can get details from Forbes. The authorities are
excellent at amassing facts, though they do not always use them to advantage. What a
lovely thing a rose is!'
  he walked past the couch to the open window, and held up the drooping stalk of a
moss rose, looking down at the dainty blend of crimson and green. It was a new phase
of his character to me, for I had never before seen him show any keen interest in
natural objects.
  'There is nothing in which deduction is so necessary as in religion,' said he, leaning
with his back against the shutters. 'It can be built up as an exact science by the
reasoner. Our highest assurance of the goodness of Providence seems to me to rest in
the flowers. All other things, our powers, our desires, our food, are really necessary
for our existence in the first instance. But this rose is an extra. Its smell and its colour
are an embellishment of life, not a condition of it. It is only goodness which gives
extras, and so I say again that we have much to hope from the flowers.'
  Percy Phelps and his nurse looked at Holmes during this demonstration with
surprise and a good deal of disappointment written upon their faces. He had fallen
into a reverie, with the moss rose between his fingers. It had lasted some minutes
before the young lady broke in upon it.
  'Do you see any prospect of solving this mystery, Mr. Holmes?' she asked, with a
touch of asperity in her voice.
  'Oh, the mystery!' he answered, coming back with a start to the realities of life.
'Well, it would be absurd to deny that the case is a very abstruse and complicated one;
but I can promise you that I will look into the matter and let you know any points
which may strike me.'
  'Do you see any clue?'
  'You have furnished me with seven, but of course I must test them before I can
pronounce upon their value.'
  'You suspect someone?'
  'I suspect myself—'
  'Of coming to conclusion too rapidly.'
  'Then go to London and test your conclusions.'
  'Your advice is very excellent, Miss Harrison,' said Holmes, rising. 'I think,
Watson, we cannot do better. Do not allow yourself to indulge in false hopes, Mr.
Phelps. The affair is a very tangled one.'
  'I shall be in a fever until I see you again,' cried the diplomatist.
  'Well, I'll come out by the same train to-morrow, though it's more than likely that
my report will be a negative one.'
  'God bless you for promising to come,' cried our client. 'It gives me fresh life to
know that something is being done. By the way, I have had a letter from Lord
  'Ha! What did he say?'
  'He was cold, but not harsh. I dare say my severe illness prevented him from being
that. He repeated that the matter was of the utmost importance, and added that no
steps would be taken about my future—by which he means, of course, my
dismissal—until my health was restored and I had an opportunity of repairing my
  'Well, that was reasonable and considerate,' said Holmes. 'Come, Watson, for we
have a good day's work before us in town.'
  Mr. Joseph Harrison drove us down to the station, and we were soon whirling up in
a Portsmouth train. Holmes was sunk in profound thought, and hardly opened his
mouth until we had passed Clapham Junction.
  'It's a very cheering thing to come into London by any of these lines which run
high and allow you to look down upon the houses like this.'
  I thought he was joking, for the view was sordid enough, but he soon explained
  'Look at those big, isolated clumps of buildings rising up above the slates, like
brick islands in a lead-coloured sea.'
  'The Board schools.'
  'Lighthouses, my boy! Beacons of the future! Capsules, with hundreds of bright
little seeds in each, out of which will spring the wiser, better England of the future. I
suppose that man Phelps does not drink?'
  'I should not think so.'
  'Nor should I. But we are bound to take every possibility into account. The poor
devil has certainly got himself into very deep water, and it's a question whether we
shall ever be able to get him ashore. What did you think of Miss Harrison?'
  'A girl of strong character.'
  'Yes, but she is a good sort, or I am mistaken. She and her brother are the only
children of an iron-master somewhere up Northumberland way. Phelps got engaged to
her when travelling last winter, and she came down to be introduced to his people,
with her brother as escort. Then came the smash, and she stayed on to nurse her lover,
while brother Joseph, finding himself pretty snug, stayed on too. I've been making a
few independent inquiries, you see. But today must be a day of inquiries.'
  'My practice—'I began.
  'Oh, if you find your own cases more interesting than mine—'said Holmes, with
some asperity.
  'I was going to say that my practice could get along very well for a day or two,
since it is the slackest time in the year.'
  'Excellent,' said he, recovering his good humour. 'Then we'll look into this matter
together. I think that we should begin by seeing Forbes. He can probably tell us all the
details we want, until we know from what side the case is to be approached.'
  'You said you had a clue.'
  'Well, we have several, but we can only test their value by further inquiry. The
most difficult crime to track is the one which is purposeless. Now, this is not
purposeless. Who is it that profits by it? There is the French Ambassador, there is the
Russian, there is whoever might sell it to either of these, and there is Lord Holdhurst.'
  'Lord Holdhurst!'
  'Well, it is just conceivable that a statesman might find himself in a position where
he was not sorry to have such a document accidentally destroyed.'
  'Not a statesman with the honourable record of Lord Holdhurst.'
  'It is a possibility, and we cannot afford to disregard it. We shall see the noble lord
to-day, and find out if he can tell us anything. Meanwhile, I have already set inquiries
upon foot.'
  'Yes, I sent wires from Woking station to every evening paper in London. This
advertisement will appear in each of them.'
  He handed over a sheet torn from the notebook. On it was scribbled in pencil:
  '£10 Reward.—The number of the cab which dropped a fare at or about the door
of the Foreign Office in Charles Street, at a quarter to ten in the evening of May 23rd.
Apply 221B Baker Street.'
  'You are confident that the thief came in a cab?'
  'If not, there is no harm done. But if Mr. Phelps is correct in stating that there is no
hiding-place either in the room or the corridors, then the person must have come from
outside. If he came from outside on so wet a night, and yet left no trace of damp upon
the linoleum, which was examined within a few minutes of his passing, then it is
exceedingly probable that he came in a cab. Yes, I think that we may safely deduce a
  'It sounds plausible.'
  'That is one of the clues of which I spoke. It may lead us to something. And then,
of course, there is the bell—which is the most distinctive feature of the case. Why
should the bell ring? Was it the thief that did it out of bravado? Or was it someone
who was with the thief who did it in order to prevent the crime? Or was it an accident?
Or was it—?' He sank back into the state of intense and silent thought from which he
had emerged, but it seemed to me, accustomed as I was to his every mood, that some
new possibility had dawned suddenly upon him.
  It was twenty-past three when we reached our terminus, and after a hasty luncheon
at the buffer we pushed on at once to Scotland Yard. Holmes had already wired to
Forbes, and we found him waiting to receive us: a small, foxy man, with a sharp but
by no means amiable expression. He was decidedly frigid in his manner to us,
especially when he heard the errand upon which we had come.
  'I've heard of your methods before now, Mr. Holmes,' said he, tartly. 'You are
ready enough to use all the information that the police can lay at your disposal, and
then you try to finish the case yourself and bring discredit upon them.'
  'On the contrary,' said Holmes; 'out of my last fifty-three cases my name has only
appeared in four, and the police have had all the credit in forty-nine. I don't blame you
for not knowing this; for you are young and inexperienced; but if you wished to get on
in your new duties you will work with me, and not against me.'
  'I'd be very glad of a hint or two,' said the detective, changing his manner. 'I've
certainly had no credit from the case so far.'
  'What steps have you taken?'
  'Tangey, the commissionaire, has been shadowed. He left the Guards with a good
character, and we can find nothing against him. His wife is a bad lot, though. I fancy
she knows more about this than appears.'
  'Have you shadowed her?'
  'We have set one of our women on to her. Mrs. Tangey drinks, and our woman has
been with her twice when she well on, but she could get nothing out of her.'
  'I understand that they have had brokers in the house?'
  'Yes, but they were paid off.'
  'Where did the money come from?'
  'That was all right. His pension was due; they have not shown any sign of being in
  'What explanation did she give of having answered the bell when Mr. Phelps rang
for the coffee?'
  'She said that her husband was very tired and she wished to relieve him.'
  'Well, certainly that would agree with his being found, a little later, asleep in his
chair. There is nothing against them, then, but the woman's character. Did you ask her
why she hurried away that night? Her haste attracted the attention of the
  'She was later than usual, and wanted to get home.'
  'Did you point out to her that you and Mr. Phelps, who started at least twenty
minutes after her, got there before her?'
  'She explains that by the difference between a bus and a hansom.'
  'Did she make it clear why, on reaching her house, she ran into the back kitchen?'
  'Because she had the money there with which to pay off the brokers.'
  'She has at least an answer for everything. Did you ask her whether in leaving his
met anyone or saw anyone loitering about Charles Street?'
  'She saw no one but the constable.'
  'Well, you seem to have cross-examined her pretty thoroughly. What else have you
  'The clerk, Gorot, has been shadowed all these nine weeks, but without result. We
can show nothing against him.'
  'Anything else?'
  'Well, we have nothing else to go upon—no evidence of any kind.'
  'Have you formed any theory about how that bell rang?'
  'Well, I must confess that it bears me. It was a cool hand, whoever it was, to go and
give the alarm like that.'
  'Yes, it was a queer thing to do. Many thanks to you for what you have told me. If I
can put the man into your hands you shall hear from me. Come along, Watson!'
  'Where are we going to now?' I asked, as we left the office.
  'We are now going to interview Lord Holdhurst, the Cabinet Minister and future
Premier of England.'
  We were fortunate in finding that Lord Holdhurst was still in his chambers at
Downing Street, and on Holmes sending in his card we were instantly shown up. The
statesman received us with that old-fashioned courtesy for which he is remarkable,
and seated us on the two luxurious easy chairs on either side of the fireplace. Standing
on the rug between us, with his slight, tall figure, his sharp-featured, thoughtful face,
and his curling hair prematurely tinged with grey, he seemed to represent that not too
common type, a nobleman who is in truth noble.
  'Your name is very familiar to me, Mr. Holmes,' said he, smiling. 'And, of course, I
cannot pretend to be ignorant of the object of your visit. There has only been one
occurrence in these offices which could call for your attention. In whose interest are
you acting, may I ask?'
  'In that of Mr. Percy Phelps,' answered Holmes.
  'Ah, my unfortunate nephew! You can understand that our kinship makes it the
more impossible for me to screen him in any way. I fear that the incident must have a
very prejudicial effect upon his career.'
  'But if the document is found?'
  'Ah, that, of course, would be different.'
  'I had one or two questions which I wished to ask you, Lord Holdhurst.'
  'I shall be happy to give you any information in my power.'
  'Was it in this room that you gave your instructions as to the copying of the
  'It was.'
  'Then you could hardly have been overheard?'
  'It is out of the question.'
  'Did you ever mention to anyone that it was your intention to give out the treaty to
be copied?'
  'You are certain of that?'
  'Well, since you never said so, and Mr. Phelps never said so, and nobody else knew
anything of the matter, then the thief's presence in the room was purely accidental. He
saw his chance and he took it.'
  The statesman smiled. 'You take me out of my province there,' said he.
  Holmes considered for a moment. 'There is another very important point which I
wish to discuss with you,' said he. 'You feared, as I understand, that very grave results
might follow from the details of this treaty becoming known?'
  A shadow passed over the expressive face of the statesman. 'Very grave results,
  'And have they occurred?'
  'Not yet.'
  'If the treaty had reached, let us say, the French or Russian Foreign Office, you
would expect to hear of it?'
  'I should,' said Lord Holdhurst, with a wry face.
  'Since nearly ten weeks have elapsed, then, and nothing has been heard, it is not
unfair to suppose that for some reason the treaty has not reached them?'
  Lord Holdhurst shrugged his shoulders.
  'We can hardly suppose, Mr. Holmes, that the thief took the treaty in order to frame
it and hang it up.'
  'Perhaps he is waiting for a better price.'
  'If he waits a little longer he will get no price at all. The treaty will cease to be a
secret in a few months.'
  'That is most important,' said Holmes. 'Of course it is a possible supposition that
the thief has had a sudden illness—'
  'An attack of brain fever, for example?' asked the statesman, flashing a swift
glance at him.
  'I did not say so,' said Holmes, imperturbably. 'And now, Lord Holdhurst, we have
already taken up too much of your valuable time, and we shall wish you a good day.'
  'Every success to your investigation, be the criminal who it may,' answered the
nobleman, as he bowed us out at the door.
  'He's a fine fellow,' said Holmes, as we came out into Whitehall. 'But he has a
struggle to keep up his position. He is far from rich, and has many calls. You noticed,
of course, that his boots had been re-soled? Now, Watson, I won't detain you from
your legitimate work any longer. I shall do nothing more to-day, unless I have an
answer to my cab advertisement. But I should be extremely obliged to you if you
would come down with me to Woking to-morrow, by the same train which we took
  I met him accordingly next morning, and we travelled down to Woking together.
He had had no answer to his advertisement, he said, and no fresh light had been
thrown upon the case. He had, when he so willed it, the utter immobility of
countenance of a Red Indian, and I could not gather from his appearance whether he
was satisfied or not with the position of the case. His conversation, I remember, was
about the Bertillon system of measurements, and he expressed his enthusiastic
admiration of the French savant.
  We found our client still under the charge of his devoted nurse, but looking
considerably better than before. He rose from the sofa and greeted us without
difficulty when we entered.
  'Any news?' he asked, eagerly.
  'My report, as I expected, is a negative one,' said Holmes. 'I have seen Forbes, and
I have seen your uncle, and I have set one or two trains of inquiry upon foot which
may lead to something.'
  'You have not lost heart, then?'
  'By no means.'
  'God bless you for saying that!' cried Miss Harrison. 'If we keep our courage and
our patience, the truth must come out.'
  'We have more to tell you than you have for us,' said Phelps, re-seating him upon
the couch.
  'I hoped you might have something.'
  'Yes, we have had an adventure during the night, and one which might have proved
to be a serious one.' His expression grew very grave as he spoke, and a look of
something akin to fear sprang up in his eyes. 'Do you know,' said he, 'that I begin to
believe that I am the unconscious centre of some monstrous conspiracy, and that my
life is aimed at as well as my honour?'
  'Ah!' cried Holmes.
  'It sounds incredible, for I have not, as far as I know, an enemy in the world. Yet
from last night's experience I can come to no other conclusion.'
  'Pray let me hear it.'
  'You must know that last night was the very first night that I have ever slept
without a nurse in the room. I was so much better that I thought I could dispense with
one. I had a night-light burning, however. Well, about two in the morning I had sunk
into a light sleep, when I was suddenly aroused by a slight noise. It was like the sound
which a mouse makes when it is gnawing a plank, and I lay listening to it for some
time under the impression that it must come from that cause. Then it grew louder, and
suddenly there came from the window a sharp metallic snick. I sat up in amazement.
There could be no doubt what the sounds were now. The faint ones had been caused
by someone forcing an instrument through the silt between the sashes, and the second
by the catch being pressed back.
  'There was a pause then for about ten minutes, as if the person were waiting to see
whether the noise had awoken me. Then I heard a gentle creaking as the window was
very slowly opened. I could stand it no longer, for my nerves are not what they used
to be. I sprang out of bed and flung open the shutter. A man was crouching at the
window. I could see little of him, for he was gone like a flash. He was wrapped in
some sort of cloak, which came across the lower part of his face. One thing only I am
sure of, and that is that he had some weapon in his hand. It looked to me like a long
knife. I distinctly saw the gleam of it as he turned to run.'
  'This is most interesting,' said Holmes. 'Pray, what did you do then?'
  'I should have followed him through the open window if I had been stronger. As it
was, I rang the bell and roused the house. It took me some little time, for the bell rings
in the kitchen, and the servants all sleep upstairs. I shouted, however, and that brought
Joseph down, and he roused the others. Joseph and the groom found marks on the
flower-bed outside the window, but the weather has been so dry lately that they found
it hopeless to follow the trail across the grass. There's a place, however, on the
wooden fence which skirts the road which shows signs, they tell me, as if someone
had got over and had snapped the top of the rail in doing so. I have said nothing to the
local police yet, for I thought I had best have your opinion first.'
  This tale of our client's appeared to have an extraordinary effect upon Sherlock
Holmes. He rose from his chair and paced about the room in uncontrollable
  'Misfortunes never come singly,' said Phelps, smiling, though it was evident that
his adventure had somewhat shaken him.
  'You have certainly had your share,' said Holmes. 'Do you think you could walk
round the house with me?'
  'Oh, yes, I should like a little sunshine. Joseph will come too?'
  'And I also,' said Miss Harrison.
  'I am afraid not,' said Holmes, shaking his head. 'I think I must ask you to remain
sitting exactly where you are.'
  The young lady resumed her seat with an air of displeasure. Her brother, however,
had joined us, and we set off all four together. We passed round the lawn to the
outside of the young diplomatist's window. There were, as he had said, marks upon
the flower-bed, but they were hopelessly blurred and vague. Holmes stooped over
them for an instant, and then rose, shrugging his shoulders.
  'I don't think anyone could make much of this,' said he. 'Let us go round the house
and see why this particular room was chosen by the burglar. I should have thought
those larger windows of the drawing-room and dining-room would have had more
attractions for him.'
  'They are more visible from the road,' suggested Mr. Joseph Harrison.
  'Ah, yes, of course. There is a door here which he might have attempted. What is it
  'It is the side-entrance for tradespeople. Of course, it is locked at night.'
  'Have you ever had an alarm like this before?'
  'Never,' said our client.
  'Do you keep plate in the house, or anything to attract burglars?'
  'Nothing of value.'
  Holmes strolled round the house with his hands in his pockets, and a negligent air
which was unusual with him.
  'By the way,' said he to Joseph Harrison, 'you found some place, I understand,
where the fellow scaled the fence. Let us have a look at that.'
  The young man led us to a spot where the top of one of the wooden rails had been
cracked. A small fragment of the wood was hanging down. Holmes pulled it off and
examined it critically.
  'Do you think that was done last night? It looks rather old, does it not?'
  'Well, possibly so.'
  'There are no marks of anyone jumping down upon the other side. No, I fancy we
shall get no help here. Let us go back to the bedroom and talk the matter over.'
  Percy Phelps was walking very slowly, leaning upon the arm of his future
brother-in-law. Holmes walked swiftly across the lawn, and we were at the open
window of the bedroom long before the others came up.
  'Miss Harrison,' said Holmes, speaking with the utmost intensity of manner, 'you
must stay where you are all day. Let nothing prevent you from staying where you are
all day. It is of most vital importance.'
  'Certainly, if you wish it, Mr. Holmes,' said the girl, in astonishment.
  'When you go to bed lock the door of this room on the outside and keep the key.
Promise to do this.'
  'But Percy?'
  'He will come to London with us.'
  'And I am to remain here?'
  'It is for his sake. You can serve him! Quick! Promise!'
  she gave a nod of assent just as the other two came up.
  'Why do you sit moping there, Annie?' cried her brother. 'Come out into the
  'No, thank you, Joseph. I have a slight headache, and this room is deliciously cool
and soothing.'
  'What do you propose now, Mr. Holmes?' asked out client.
  'Well, in investigating this minor affair we must not lose sight of our main inquiry.
It would be a very great help to me if you could come up to London with us.'
  'At once?'
  'Well, as soon as you conveniently can. Say in an hour.'
  'I feel quite strong enough, if I can really be of any help.'
  'The greatest possible.'
  'Perhaps you would like me to stay there to-night.'
  'I was just going to propose it.'
  'Then if my friend of the night comes to revisit me, he will find the bird flown. We
are all in your hands, Mr. Holmes, and you must tell us exactly what you would like
done. Perhaps you would prefer that Joseph came with us, so as to look after me?'
  'Oh, no; my friend Watson is a medical man, you know, and he'll look after you.
We'll have our lunch here, if you will permit us, and then we shall all three set off for
town together.'
  It was arranged as he suggested, though Miss Harrison excused herself from
leaving the bedroom, in accordance with Holmes's suggestion. What the object of my
friend's manoeuvres was I could not conceive, unless it were to keep the lady away
from Phelps, who, rejoiced by his returning health and by the prospect of action,
lunched with us in the dinning-room. Holmes had a still more startling surprise for us,
however, for after accompanying us down to the station and seeing us into our
carriage, he calmly announced that he had no intention of leaving Woking.
  'There are one or two small points which I should desire to clear up before I go,'
said he. 'Your absence, Mr. Phelps, will in some ways rather assist me. Watson, when
you reach London you would oblige me by driving at once to Baker Street with our
friend here, and remaining with him until I see you again. It is fortunate that you are
old schoolfellows, as you must have much to talk over. Mr. Phelps can have the spare
bedroom to-night, and I shall be with you in time for breakfast, for there is a train
which will take me into Waterloo at eight.'
  'But how about our investigation in London?' asked Phelps, ruefully.
  'We can do that to-morrow. I think that just at present I can be of more immediate
use here.'
  'You might tell them at Briarbrae that I hope to be back to-morrow night,' cried
Phelps, as we began to move from the platform.
  'I hardly expect to go back to Briarbrae,' answered Holmes, and waved his hand to
us cheerily as we shot out from the station.
  Phelps and I talked it over on our journey, but neither of us could devise a
satisfactory reason for this new development.
  'I suppose he wants to find out some clue as to the burglary last night, if a burglar it
was. For myself, I don't believe it was an ordinary thief.'
  'What is your idea, then?'
  'Upon my word, you may put it down to my weak nerves or not, but I believe there
is some deep political intrigue going on around me, and that, for some reason that
passes my understanding, my life is aimed at by the conspirators. It sounds
high-flown and absurd, but consider the facts! Why should a thief try to break in at a
bedroom window, where there could be no hope of any plunder, and why should he
come with a long knife in his hand?'
  'You are sure it was not a housebreaker's jemmy?'
  'Oh, no; it was a knife. I saw the flash of the blade quite distinctly.'
  'But why on earth should you be pursued with such animosity?'
  'Ah! That is the question.'
  'Well, if Holmes takes the same view, that would account for his action, would it
not? Presuming that your theory is correct, if he can lay his hands upon the man who
threatened you last night, he will have gone a long way towards finding who took the
naval treaty. It is absurd to suppose that you have two enemies, one of whom robs you
while the other threatens your life.'
  'But Mr. Holmes said that he was not going to Briarbrae.'
  'I have known him for some time,' said I, 'but I never knew him do anything yet
without a very good reason,' and with that our conversation drifted off into other
  But it was a weary day for me. Phelps was still weak after his long illness, and his
misfortunes made him querulous and nervous. In vain I endeavoured to interest him in
Afghanistan, in India, in social questions, in anything which might take his mind out
of the groove. He would always come back to his lost treaty; wondering, guessing,
speculating, as to what Holmes was doing, what steps lord Holdhurst was taking, what
news we should have in the morning. As the evening wore on his excitement became
quite painful.
  'You have implicit faith in Holmes?' he asked.
  'I have seen him do some remarkable things.'
  'But he never brought light into anything quite so dark as this?'
  'Oh, yes; I have known him solve questions which presented fewer clues than
  'But not where such large interests are at stake?'
  'I don't know that. To my certain knowledge he has acted on behalf of three of the
reigning Houses of Europe in very vital matters.'
  'But you know him well, Watson. He is such an inscrutable fellow, that I never
quite know what to make of him. Do you think he is hopeful? Do you think he expects
to make a success of it?'
  'He has said nothing.'
  'That is a bad sign.'
  'On the contrary, I have noticed that when he is off the trail he generally says so. It
is when he is on a scent, and is not quite absolutely sure yet that it is the right one,
that he is most taciturn. Now, my dear fellow, we can't help matters by making
ourselves nervous about them, so let me implore you to go to bed, and so be fresh for
whatever may await us to-morrow.
  I was able at last to persuade my companion to take my advice, though I knew from
his excited manner that there was not much hope of sleep for him. Indeed, his mood
was infectious, for I lay tossing half the night myself, brooding over this strange
problem, and inventing a hundred theories, each of which was more impossible than
the last. Why had Holmes remained at Woking? Why had he asked Miss Harrison to
stay in the sick-room all day? Why had he been so careful not to inform the people at
Briarbrae that he intended to remain near them? I cudgelled my brains until I fell
asleep in the endeavour to find some explanation which would cover all these facts.
  It was seven o'clock when I awoke, and I set off at once for Phelps' room, to find
him haggard and spent after a sleepless night. His first question was whether Holmes
had arrived yet.
  'He'll be here when he promised,' said I, 'and not an instant sooner or later.'
  And my words were true, for shortly after eight a hansom dashed up to the door and
our friend got out of it. Standing in the window, we saw that his left hand was
swathed in a bandage and that his face was very grim and pale. He entered the house,
but it was some little time before he came upstairs.
  'He looks like a beaten man,' cried Phelps.
  I was forced to confess that he was right. 'After all,' said I, 'the clue of the matter
lies probably here in town.'
  Phelps gave a groan.
  'I don't know how it is,' said he, 'but I had hoped for so much from his return. But
surely his hand was not tied up like that yesterday? What can be the matter?'
  'You are not wounded, Holmes?' I asked, as my friend entered the room.
  'Tut, it is only a scratch through my own clumsiness,' he answered, nodding his
good morning to us. 'This case of yours, Mr. Phelps, is certainly one of the darkest
which I have ever investigated.'
  'I feared that you would find it beyond you.'
  'It has been a most remarkable experience.'
  'That bandage tells of adventures,' said I. 'Won't you tell us what has happened?'
  'After breakfast, my dear Watson. Remember that I have breathed thirty miles of
Surrey air this morning. I suppose there has been no answer to my cabman
advertisement? Well, well, we cannot expect to score every time.'
  The table was all laid, and, just as I was about to ring, Mrs. Hudson entered with
the tea and coffee. A few minutes later she brought in the covers, and we all drew up
to the table, Holmes ravenous, I curious, and Phelps in the gloomiest state of
  'Mrs. Hudson has risen to the occasion,' said Holmes, uncovering a dish of curried
chicken. 'Her cuisine is a little limited, but she has as good an idea of breakfast as a
Scotchwoman. What have you there, Watson?'
  'Ham and eggs,' I answered.
  'Good! What are you going to take, Mr. Phelps: curried fowl, eggs, or will you help
  'Thank you, I can eat nothing,' said Phelps.
  'Oh, come! Try the dish before you.'
  'Thank you, I would really rather not.'
  'Well, then,' said Holmes, with a mischievous twinkle, 'I suppose that you have no
objection to helping me?'
  Phelps raised the cover, and as he did so he uttered a scream, and sat there staring
with a face as white as the plate upon which he looked. Across the centre of it was
lying a little cylinder of blue-grey paper. He caught it up, devoured it with his eyes,
and then danced madly about the room, pressing it to his bosom and shrieking out in
his delight. Then he fell back into an arm-chair, so limp and exhausted with his own
emotions that we had to pour brandy down his throat to keep him from fainting.
  'There! There!' said Holmes, soothingly, patting him upon the shoulder. 'It was too
bad to spring it on you like this; but Watson here will tell you that I never can resist a
touch of the dramatic.'
  Phelps seized his hand and kissed it. 'God bless you!' he cried; 'you have saved my
  'Well, my own was at stake, you know,' said Holmes. 'I assure you, it is just as
hateful to me to fail in a case as it can be to you to blunder over a commission.'
  Phelps thrust away the precious document into the innermost pocket of his coat.
  'I have not the heart to interrupt your breakfast any further, and yet I am dying to
know how you got it and where it was.'
  Sherlock Holmes swallowed a cup of coffee and turned his attention to the ham and
eggs. Then he rose, lit his pipe, and settled himself down into his chair.
  'I'll tell you what I did first, and how I came to do it afterwards,' said he. 'After
leaving you at the station I went for a charming walk through some admirable Surrey
scenery to a pretty little village called Ripley, where I had my tea at an inn, and took
the precaution of filling my flask and of putting a paper of sandwiches in my pocket.
There I remained until evening, when I set off for Woking again and found myself in
the high-road outside Briarbrae just after sunset.
  'Well, I waited until the road was clear—it is never a very frequented one at any
time, I fancy—and then I clambered over the fence into the grounds.'
  'Surely the gate was open?' ejaculated Phelps.
  'Yes; but I have a peculiar taste in these matters. I chose the place where the three
fir trees stand, and behind their screen I got over without the least chance of anyone in
the house being able to see me. I crouched down among the bushes on the other side,
and crawled from one to the other—witness the disreputable state of my trouser
knees—until I had reached the clump of rhododendrons just opposite to your bedroom
window. There I squatted down and awaited developments.
  'The blind was not down in your room, and I could see Miss Harrison sitting there
reading by the table. It was a quarter past ten when she closed her book, fastened the
shutters, and retired. I heard her shut the door, and felt quite sure that she had turned
the key in the lock.'
  'The key?' ejaculated Phelps.
  'Yes, I had given Miss Harrison instructions to lock the door on the outside and
take the key with her when she went to bed. She carried out every one of my
injunctions to the letter, and certainly without her co-operation you would not have
that paper in your coat pocket. She departed then, the lights went out, and I was left
squatting in the rhododendron bush.
  'The night was fine, but still it was a very weary vigil. Of course, it has the sort of
excitement about it that the sportsman feels when he lies beside the watercourse and
waits for the big game. It was very long, though—almost as long, Watson, as when
you and I waited in that deadly room when we looked into the little problem of the
 Speckled Band.
quarters, and I thought more than once that it had stopped. At last, however, about two
in the morning, I suddenly heard the gentle sound of a bolt being pushed back, and the
creaking of a key. A moment later the servants' door was opened and Mr. Joseph
Harrison stepped out into the moonlight.'
  'Joseph!' ejaculated Phelps.
  'He was bare-headed, but he had a black cloak thrown over his shoulder, so that he
could conceal his face in an instant if there were any alarm. He walked on tiptoe
under the shadow of the wall, and when he reached the window, he worked a
long-bladed knife through the sash and pushed back the catch. Then he flung open the
window and, putting his knife through the crack in the shutters, he thrust the bar up
and swung them open.
  'From where I lay I had a perfect view of the inside of the room and of every one of
his movements. He lit the two candles which stand upon the mantelpiece, and then he
proceeded to turn back the corner of the carpet in the neighbourhood of the door.
Presently he stooped and picked out a square piece of board, such as is usually left to
enable plumbers to get at the joints of the gas pipes. This one covered, as a matter of
fact, the T-joint which gives off the pipe which supplies the kitchen underneath. Out
of this hiding-place he drew that little cylinder of paper, pushed down the board,
rearranged the carpet, blew out the candles, and walked straight into my arms as I
stood waiting for him outside the window.
  'Well, he has rather more viciousness than I gave him credit for, has Master Joseph.
He flew at me with his knife, and I had to grass him twice, and got a cut over the
knuckles, before I had the upper hand of him. He looked "murder" out of the only eye
he could see with when we had finished, but he listened to reason and gave up the
papers. Having got them I let my man go, but I wired full particulars to Forbes this
morning. If he is quick enough to catch his bird, well and good! But if, as I shrewdly
suspect, he finds the nest empty before he gets there, why, all the better for the
Government. I fancy that Lord Holdhurst, for one, and Mr. Percy Phelps, for another,
would very much rather that the affair never got so far as a police-court.'
  'My God!' gasped our client. 'Do you tell me that during these long ten weeks of
agony, the stolen papers were within the very room with me all the time?'
  'So it was.'
  'And Joseph! Joseph a villain and a thief!'
  'Hum! I am afraid Joseph's character is a rather deeper and more dangerous one
than one might judge from his appearance. From what I have heard from him this
morning, I gather that he has lost heavily in dabbling with stocks, and that he is ready
to do anything on earth to better his fortunes. Being an absolutely selfish man, when a
chance presented itself he did not allow either his sister's happiness or your reputation
to hold his hand.'
  Percy Phelps sank back in his chair. 'My head whirls,' said he; 'your words have
dazed me.'
  'The principal difficulty in your case,' remarked Holmes, in his didactic fashion,
'lay in the fact of there being too much evidence. What was vital was overlaid and
hidden by what was irrelevant. Of all the facts which were presented to us, we had to
pick just those which we deemed to be essential, and then piece them together in their
order, so as to reconstruct this very remarkable chain of events. I had already begun to
suspect Joseph, from the fact that you had intended to travel home with him that night,
and that therefore it was a likely enough thing that he should call for you—knowing
the Foreign Office well—upon his way. When I heard that someone had been so
anxious to get into the bedroom, in which no one but Joseph could have concealed
anything—you told us in your narrative how you had turned Joseph out when you
arrived with the doctor—my suspicions all changed to certainties, especially as the
attempt was made on the first night upon which the nurse was absent, showing that
the intruder was well acquainted with the ways of the house.'
  'How blind I have been!'
  'The facts of the case, as far as I have worked them out, are these: This Joseph
Harrison entered the office through the Charles Street door, and knowing his way he
walked straight into your room the instant after you left it. Finding no one there he
promptly rang the bell, and at the instant that he did so his eyes caught the paper upon
the table. A glance showed him that chance had put in his way a State document of
immense value, and in a flash he had thrust it into his pocket and was gone. A few
minutes elapsed, as you remember, before the sleepy commissionaire drew your
attention to the bell, and those were just enough to give the thief time to make his
  'He made his way to Woking by the first train, and, having examined his booty, and
assured himself that it really was of immense value, he concealed it in what he
thought was a very safe place, with the intention of taking it out again in a day or two,
and carrying it to the French Embassy, or wherever he thought that a long piece was
to be had. Then came your sudden return. He, without a moment's warning, was
bundled out of his room, and from that time onwards there were always at least two of
you there to prevent him from regaining his treasure. The situation to him must have
been a maddening one. But at last he thought he saw his chance. He tired to steal in,
but was baffled by your wakefulness. You may remember that you did not take your
usual draught that night.'
  'I remember.'
  'I fancy that he had taken steps to make that draught efficacious, and that he quite
relied upon your being unconscious. Of course, I understood that he would repeat the
attempt whenever it could be done with safety. Your leaving the room gave him the
chance he wanted. I kept Miss Harrison in it all day, so that he might not anticipate us.
Then, having given him the idea that the coast was clear, I kept guard as I have
described. I already knew that the papers were probably in the room, but I had no
desire to rip up all the planking and skirting in search of them. I let him take them,
therefore, from the hiding-place, and so saved myself an infinity of trouble. Is there
any other point which I can make clear?'
  'Why did he try the window on the first occasion,' I asked, 'when he might have
entered by the door?'
  'In reaching the door he would have to pass seven bedrooms. On the other hand, he
could get out on to the lawn with ease. Anything else?'
  'You do not think,' asked Phelps, 'that he had any murderous intention? The knife
was only meant as a tool.'
  'It may be so,' answered Holmes, shrugging his shoulders. 'I can only say for
certain that Mr. Joseph Harrison is a gentleman to whose mercy I should be extremely
unwilling to trust.'

               THE END